МУ-ын Үндсэн хуульд нэмэлт өөрчлөлт оруулах хэлэлцүүлэг эхэлжээ

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17 жилийн турш ярьсан Үндсэн хуульд өөрчлөлт оруулах цаг болсныг түлхүү ярьцгааж байгаа билээ.Өнөөдөр Монгол улсын үндсэн хуульд зайлшгүй өөрчлөлт оруулах шаардлага тулгарсан гэж үзэн нэмэлт өөрчлөлт оруулах ажлын зарим эхлэлүүд хийгдэж  байна.Үндсэн хуульд нэмэлт өөрчлөлт оруулах ажлын хэсгийн гишүүн Д.Моондой Эрдэнэт хотноо 2 өдөр ажиллан Нутгийн удирдлагуудад  хэлэлцүүлэг танилцуулгыг хийхээр болсон байна.МУ-ын Ерөнхий сайдын захирамжийн дагуу  бүх орон нутаг болоод  иргэдэд судлагаа мэдээлэл хийх чиглэл өгөгджээ.

Үндсэн хуулийн түүхэн ач холбогдол юу байв

Манай улс 1924, 1940, 1960, 1992 онд Үндсэн хуулиа шинэчлэн баталсан байдаг. Эдгээр нь бүгд өөр, өөрийн шалтгаан үр дагавартай байсан. 1940 оны Үндсэн хууль эерэг, сөрөг хоёр дагавартай байв. Эерэг тал нь ард иргэдийнхээ амьдралд хэрэгтэй хуулийг гаргаж ажилчин анги нийгэмд давамгайлах болсон бол МАХН дангаараа төр барьж нам нь эх орныхоо бодлогыг явуулах болсон сөрөг тал байсан гэдэг. Харин 1992 оны хууль нь Монгол Улс ардчилсан нийгэмд шилжсэн гэдгийг бүрнээ илтгэсэн байдаг. Тухайлбал, БНМАУ-ын Ардын Их Хурлын 12 дахь удаагийн сонгуулийн II хуралдаан нийт 76 хоног хуралдаж 1992 оны нэгдүгээр сарын 13-ны өдөр баталсан Монгол Улсын Үндсэн хууль бол ардчилал, хүний эрх, эрх чөлөөг дэлхий нийтээр хүлээн зөвшөөрөгдсөн хэм хэмжээг гүнзгий тусгасан хууль болсон юм.

Мөн Үндсэн хуулиар Монгол Улсын төрийн хэлбэр нь Парламентын Бүгд Найрамдах улс, төрийн байгууламжийн тухайд нэгдмэл улс юм гэж заасан байдаг. Энэ үндсэн хуулиар төрийн бэлгэдэл сүлд, туг, далбааг шинэчлэн өөрчилсөн юм. Мөн ардчилсан өөрчлөлт, шинэчлэлийг түргэтгэхэд шүүх эрх мэдлийг хэрэгжүүлэгч байгууллагууд чухал үүрэг гүйцэтгэж байна.

Шүүх хэнээс ч хараат бус, бие даан үйл ажиллагаа явуулж, Анх удаа Үндсэн хуулийн цэц байгуулагдан ажилласан билээ. Товчхондоо, Ардчилсан Үндсэн хууль нь манай улсад Ардчилал хөгжсөн 25 жилийн хугацаанд чиг баримжаа нь байсаар ирсэн юм.

       Үндсэн хуулийг шинэчлэх шаардлага бий юу

Харин өнөөдрийн байдлаар, Үндсэн хуулийг дагаж мөрдсөнөөс хойш Монгол Улсын Ерөнхийлөгчийн болон УИХ, орон нутгийн иргэдийн Төлөөлөгчдийн Хурлын зургаан удаагийн ээлжит сонгууль тус тус явагдаж, Үндсэн хуульд заасны дагуу Засгийн газар байгуулагдан үйл ажиллагаагаа явуулж ирсэн байна. Мөн Ардчилсан Үндсэн хуулийг хэрэгжүүлж ирсэн үйл явцад төрийн эрх мэдэл хоорондын харилцан хяналт, тэнцвэрт байдлыг хангахтай холбогдсон зарим нэг асуудал, сорилтыг шийдвэрлэх шаардлага нийгмийн хөгжлөөс урган гарч байгаа гэж үзэж байгаа юм байна. Үүнээс гадна, манай улсын Үндсэн хуулийн зохицуулалтыг парламентын засагтай 50 орны Үндсэн хуультай харьцуулсан судалгаанаас үзэхэд Болгар, Финланд, Серби, Чрна Гора зэрэг цөөхөн улстай адил төсөөтэй боловч Ерөнхийлөгчийг сонгох, Ерөн­хий сайдыг томилох, Засгийн газраа байгуулж байгаа арга нь ихэнх улсаас өөр байгаа ажээ.

 

 

 

ЭНЭ МЭДЭЭНД ӨГӨХ ТАНЫ СЭТГЭГДЭЛ?
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Анхааруулга: Уншигчдын бичсэн сэтгэгдэлд www.etzone.mn хариуцлага хүлээхгүй болно. Манай сайт ХХЗХ-н журмын дагуу зүй зохисгүй зарим үг хэллэгийг хязгаарласан тул та сэтгэгдэл бичихдээ бусдын эрх ашгийг хүндэтгэж үзнэ үү. Хэм хэмжээ зөрчсөн сэтгэгдлийг админ устгах эрхтэй.

106 Олон сэтгэгдэлтэй

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